Plant taxonomy is the science that finds, identifies, describes, classifies, and names plants.
— Plant Taxonomy - Wikipedia
The origins of the taxonomy of plants and plant nomenclature used today is almost entirely indebted to the work done by the Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist Carolus Linnaeus (1707–1778) also known as Carl Linnaeus or Carl von Linn.
He reviewed the historical manuscripts about plants and developed a comprehensive system for grouping and naming plants.
His manuscript describing a new system for classifying plants was called "Systema Naturae". It introduced the system of binomial nomenclature which is still in use today.
Subsequent research (eg Darwin, DNA etc) has revised and continues to revise the groupings devised by Linnaeus but the basics of the system continue largely to be based on his idea of how to organise biological entities - and describe, classify and name organisms.
The link below is to the most amazing online exhibition about the importance of Linnaeus and includes a huge amount of information about the birth of modern botany and how plants were documented
Definition of Genus: Biology
A taxonomic category ranking below a family and above a species and generally consisting of a group of species exhibiting similar characteristics. In taxonomic nomenclature the genus name is used, either alone or followed by a Latin adjective or epithet, to form the name of a species.
— The Free Dictionary
The Art of Plant Evolution
by Professor W. John Kress and Shirley Sherwood
HIGHLY RECOMMENDED: Rated USA: 5.0 stars (4 customer reviews)
READ MY REVIEW Book Review: The Art of Plant Evolution.
I have a copy and found it hugely educational from a botanical perspective. Reading it made the whole taxonomy of plants make sense to me for the first time!
I also enjoyed the wider variety of artworks - including etchings and pen and ink plus artists from a variety of countries including significant numbers of contemporary artists from Japan and Brazil.
The Art of Plant Evolution
Paperback: 320 pp
Publisher: Royal Botanic Gardens (22 August 2009)
BUY THE BOOK
The Art of Plant Evolution - from Amazon.com
The Art of Plant Evolution - from Amazon.co.uk
This publication is based on an 'art meets science' exhibition in the Shirley Sherwood Gallery of Botanical Art at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew in 2009/10 to celebrate Kew's 250th anniversary and Darwin's bicentenary. The exhibition provided an overview of plant relationships based on contemporary scientific discoveries and DNA test.
Informative text provide overviews of related topics in biology - including natural selection and the origin of plant species, plant evolutionary relationships and classification, fossil and DNA evidence, and co-evolution between plants and animals
All the links below come from Wikipedia
Taxonomy: Other References
Botany - How people came to understand the natural order of the plant world
Education in Plant Science
One of the things I've found most amazing of late are the number of artists who are undertaking advances studies in botany and plant science so they can become better members of the teams which work at recording plants.
Thus I find I'm interviewing RHS Gold Medallists who started off as botanical artists - but who are now doing MScs and PhDs in Botany!
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