Where would the botanical artist be without the botanical garden?
Many gardens offer opportunities for learning more about plants and access to specimens of different species.
NETWORKS & HERBARIUMS AROUND THE WORLD
GARDENS IN EUROPE
Many of the botanic gardens associated with universities and medical schools grew out of old Physic Gardens maintained by the monasteries.
The following is a timeline of the establishment of the earliest botanic gardens in Europe:
You can read more about Botanical Gardens from the past on my web page 'Old Botanic Gardens in London"
Jennifer A. Heise has summarised characteristics of Medieval Gardens and her article has an extensive bibliography.
The term Botanic Garden is mostly used for the older / earlier Botanic Gardens. Newer gardens are more often known as Botanical Gardens. While the names are often used interchangeably, the status of the older garden sometimes requires correct referencing - and this only happens when English is used.
Other terms for a Botanic Garden are:
"Botanic gardens are institutions holding documented collections of living plants for the purposes of scientific research, conservation, display and education."
International Agenda for Botanic Gardens in Conservation - Definition of a Botanic Garden
According to Botanic Gardens Conservation International - the criteria used for the definition of a botanic garden are as follows.
The following is a list of criteria that may be met in part or whole by any institution that is considered to be a botanic garden:
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