The emphasis of botanical illustration is on science rather than visual art.
Botanical illustration is always a true and lifelike representation of a plant. It should highlight a plant's particular distinguishing features which enable botanists to tell one plant from another
The fundamental factor in scientific quality of a botanical illustration is not the medium the artist chooses to use or the technology used for its representation, but the artist's understanding of plant morphology
See also Scientific Botanical Illustration in the Botany Section of this site for practical tips for how to draw plants accurately.
What's required of a botanical illustration?
The development of illustrations of plants was slow and lagged behind illustrations relating to people and animals.
Illustration is associated with the discovery of the importance of plants for medicinal purposes. People draw what's important.
EGYPT - Thebes 1,500 years BC
There's some limited evidence of the illustration of plants in Egypt - in terms of stone reliefs at on the walls of the room next to the Festival Hall of Thutmose III, in the Precinct of Amun-Re, Karnak. The Botanical garden of Thutmose III represents the fauna and especially flora of the Egyptian empire at its peak.
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